**ONE**

**WAY SLAB:**

While designing a slab, if bending is considered to be occurring in one direction only then it is called a one-way slab. To be more clear see the diagram, below.

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**Conditions**** which holds good for one-way slab**:

If a slab is supported by beams on two opposite sides, no matter what the dimensions are, the slab is designed as a one-way slab.

If the slab is supported by beams on all four sides, then we check the ratio of longer span(L

_{x}) to shorter span(L_{y}). If this value is ≥2 then the slab is designed as a one-way slab.
Verandah slab is one example of a one-way slab.

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### TWO WAY SLAB:

Similarly, if bending is considered to be occurring in both directions then it is called two-way slab. The diagram below illustrates it more clearly.

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**Conditions**** to identify two-way slab**:

If the slab is supported by beams on all four sides and the ratio of longer span(Lx) to shorter span(Ly) is less than 2, then the slab is designed as a two-way slab.

### DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ONE WAy AND TWO WAY SLABS:

Before concluding let's summarize basic points that justify the difference Between these two types of slabs.

- In one way slab, a major portion of loads is carried along one direction. Whereas in two-way slab load is carried along with both the directions. See the figure below.
Load sharing in slabs - The (L
_{x}/Ly) ratio is more than or equals to 2 in the one-way slab, whereas (L_{x}/Ly) is less than 2 in the two-way slab.

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